Oncology is a medical field that focuses on the study of cancerous tumors and masses. The center of the oncology field revolves around exploring solid tumors instead of cancer that is found in the bloodstream. However, it is becoming more prevalent that oncologists are responsible for learning different disciples that allow them to treat both blood and tumor related cancers.
After completing medical school, just as any doctor, the oncologist must perform an internship. Immediately following this, they are required to participate in an extended study of the oncology field to be better equip of handling life threatening diseases. This is important because it gives a broader knowledge about specific types of treatment such as chemotherapy and hematology, since it will be a part of their daily routine with almost every patient they see (depending on the circumstance). The doctor may also choose to go on to become specialized in performing surgery on different patients specific to cancer. This is an extra amount of work, but more are continuing their education on cancer treatment, specifically, mesothelioma treatment to be well rounded in the field of cancer study and research. There are other programs that specialize in different form of oncology such as gynecology, radiation and pediatrics.
The main responsibilities of an oncologist come after the diagnosis of the type and stage of cancer. After this, the specialized doctor determines which treatment would best suit the patient. Chemotherapy and radiation are typical solutions to most cancer patients. Oftentimes, however, oncologists are given the task to providing treatment to those patients who are experiencing complications with their disease or the treatment they are receiving. Even if the cancer cannot be completely eliminated, oncologists are trained to developing a treatment program that can alleviate symptoms from the cancer as well as side effects from some of the treatment that the patient may be receiving in the meantime. This relieves the patient from the stress of different situations going on during the cancer battle as well as making them comfortable during the time in the hospital.
Last modified: December 28, 2010.