The mesothelium is the thin layer that surrounds internal body organs. Such organs include the lining around the thoracal cavity, the abdominal cavity, and the heart sac. The mesothelium forms thin, flattened mesothelial cells that place themselves on a thin membrane that is mostly supported by connective tissue. Mesothelial tissue has been found on internal male and female reproductive organs. This lining has two layers, one to protect the actual organ and the second layer surrounds the cavity. The main function of the mesothelium and its cells is to produce a fluid like substance that lubricates and releases itself between the layers of the organ that it is protecting. This generates an easy flow of moment between organs and tissue as well as acts as a protective barrier so no harm comes forth to any of the surrounding areas. More specifically, the mesothelium acts as a protective barrier against certain diseases, infections and unhealthy cancerous cells.
When a disease such as mesothelioma cancer develops, the mesothelium is usually greatly affected. Mesothelioma becomes apparent in those patients who have been exposed to asbestos fibers at some point in their life. In this type of cancer, the cells that inhibit the mesothelium begin to divide uncontrollably, causing abnormalities. This is another instance where the unhealthy cancerous cells are able to spread to different areas of the body because of their quick replication. Many individuals are not familiar with the fact that the mesothelium and lung related illnesses are in conjunction with one another. There is still research being done and testing being concluded to determine different methods to help cells discontinue their rapid reproduction.
Last modified: December 28, 2010.